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What is the difference between steel and forged steel?

Views: 265 Update Date:Nov 29 , 2023
Steel and forged steel are related terms, but they refer to different aspects of the material and its manufacturing process.

Steel:

Definition: Steel is a metal alloy composed primarily of iron and carbon, with small amounts of other elements such as manganese, silicon, sulfur, and phosphorus.

Manufacturing Process: Steel can be produced through various methods, including the basic oxygen process, electric arc furnace, and open-hearth furnace. These processes involve melting iron ore and combining it with carbon and other elements to create the steel alloy.


forged steel


Forged Steel:


Definition: Forged steel is a type of steel that has undergone the forging process.
Forging Process: Forging is a manufacturing process in which metal is shaped by applying localized compressive forces. In the case of forged steel, the steel is heated to a malleable temperature and then shaped using hammer blows or pressure in a die. This process alters the grain structure of the steel, making it stronger and more durable.

Advantages of Forged Steel:

Strength: Forged steel tends to have improved strength and durability compared to cast or machined steel.
Grain Structure: The forging process refines the grain structure of the steel, enhancing its mechanical properties.
Reduced Defects: Forging can reduce the occurrence of defects like porosity and inclusions that might be present in other manufacturing processes.

In summary, while steel is a general term for the metal alloy composed primarily of iron and carbon, forged steel specifically refers to steel that has undergone the forging process, resulting in improved strength and other mechanical properties. The forging process gives the steel a more refined and aligned grain structure, contributing to its enhanced performance in applications where strength and durability are crucial.
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